The Internal Revenue Service has raised the standard mileage rates, currently at 55.5 cents, by 1 cent per mile for next year when calculating the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business, charitable, medical or moving purposes.
The standard mileage rate for business is based on an annual study of the fixed and variable costs of operating an automobile. The rate for medical and moving purposes is based on the variable costs.
Taxpayers always have the option of calculating the actual costs of using their vehicle rather than using the standard mileage rates.
A taxpayer may not use the business standard mileage rate for a vehicle after using any depreciation method under the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) or after claiming a Section 179 deduction for that vehicle. In addition, the business standard mileage rate cannot be used for more than four vehicles used simultaneously.
These and other requirements for a taxpayer to use a standard mileage rate to calculate the amount of a deductible business, moving, medical or charitable expense are spelled out in IRS Revenue Procedures 2010-51.
IRS Notice 2012-72 contains the standard mileage rates, the amount a taxpayer must use in calculating reductions to basis for depreciation taken under the business standard mileage rate, and the maximum standard automobile cost that a taxpayer may use in computing the allowance under a fixed and variable rate plan.
The IRS also announced that the maximum standard automobile cost that may be used in computing the allowance under a fixed and variable rate (FAVR) plan increases to $28,100 from $28,000 for automobiles, and to $29,900 for trucks and vans, IRS said